Types and Symptoms Of Diabetes

Diabetes can be described as a metabolic disorder followed by imperfect insulin secretion and insulin action and sometimes both. When we consume food our body extracts the sugar and starches from the taken foods and turns them into glucose.

The bloodstreams absorb the glucose and then the hormone called insulin works on the glucose and generates energy from this. Body uses the energy to carry on its activities from breathing to running, from sleeping to quarreling; just like a machine or a car uses fuel to function. But the problem occurs when your body fails to generate sufficient insulin. The insufficient amount of insulin in turns fails to convert the total amount of glucose (in bloodstreams) into energy. As a result the glucose remains in the blood instead of going into the cells and that results in developing diabetes.

Although the majority of people in today’s world are suffering from diabetes the disease does not necessarily show its symptoms in every one. Sometimes people are diagnosed with diabetes a long time after developing the disease. And moreover, the symptoms of diabetes vary from man to man.

Diabetes has three types – Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes. The type 1 diabetes which is sometimes described as juvenile diabetes is generally diagnosed in childhood. On the other hand the type 2 diabetes is generally diagnosed after the age of 45. These three types of diabetes, however, have different symptoms.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms:

  • Increased urination
  • Increasing tiredness
  • Increasing hunger
  • Extreme  thirst
  • Unpredicted weight loss
  • Unclear vision

Type 2 diabetes symptoms:

Type 2 diabetes has all the type 1 diabetes symptoms plus the following symptoms –

  • Slow healing of cuts/sores
  • Pain in leg
  • Dehydrated mouth
  • Itchiness in skin
  • Infections

Gestational diabetes symptoms:

The gestational diabetes generally shows no signs in development. In most of the cases doctors detect the gestational diabetes during the routine check-ups of pregnant ladies. However, some of its common signs are –

  • Frequent urination
  • Increasing appetite
  • Increasing thirst

However, diabetes is almost an incurable diseases but it can at least be controlled.

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