Liver Cancer – Classification, Cause And Prevention

Liver cancer is one among the most common cancers of the world. Liver cancer can be characterized as a cancer that generates from liver. Every year almost 1 million people diagnosed with liver cancer.

Different Forms of Liver Cancer:

Liver cancer has several forms among which the most common one is hepatocellular carcinoma or HCC or hepatoma. Other forms are – hemangioendotheliomas, cholangiocarcinoma, mesenchymsal, hepatoblastoma, sarcoma etc.

 

Cause of Liver Cancer:

There are numbers of agents that lead to liver cancer, such as –

Alcohol

Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause severe damage to liver and that in turn, leads to liver cancer.

Hepatitis B and C

These two viruses are probably the most significant cause of liver damage and hence liver cancer.

Aflatoxin

This is a kind of toxin generated by fungus, found in corn, peanut etc. This can cause serious damage to liver and contribute in developing liver cancer.

PVC-Exposer

This is a significant cause of developing liver cancer in factory workers as PVC is generally used in making plastic materials like pipes etc.

Arsenic

Arsenic is also another cause of liver cancer.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Cancer:

Unfortunately, liver cancer does not show any prominent or specific sign in primary stage. In most of the cases this cancer starts to reveal its existence when it is too late. Therefore, we only know a few symptoms that appear in advance stage of liver cancer. These are –

Cholangiocarcinoma

  • Abdominal pain
  • Excessive sweating
  • Jaundice
  • Loss of weight
  • Hepatomegaly

Hepatoma

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal mass
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Unusual back pain
  • Sudden fever
  • Itching
  • loss of weight

 

Prevention methods for Liver Cancer:

As hepatitis B and hepatitis c are two major causes of liver cancer preventing these two infections is the most fundamental step to prevent liver cancer. But fortunately with the help of modern vaccination these viruses are almost under control now. Among other prevention procedures avoiding alcohol consumption is very important to prevent the liver damage and hence liver cancer.

So, keep all these in mind because we all know the saying that ‘Prevention is better than cure’.

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