Dehydration is the physical condition when body losses excessive water. Our body needs a certain amount of water intake every day to run the daily physical functions. The basic requirement of water varies according to age and physical activity. The minimum requirement of water for body is 8 glasses of water and the maximum is two or three times of the basic requirement. When a person fails to fulfill his body’s requirement of water the outcome is dehydration.
Causes of dehydration:
there are various factors that can cause dehydration. For example sometimes the damages or inflammation of intestine may result in excessive water loss from intestine tract and this in turn leads to dehydration. Sometimes a bacteria or virus attack compels the intestine lining to generate excessive water that cannot be absorbed. Often people drinks less water because of their loss of appetite or nausea and this results in dehydration.
Symptoms of dehydration:
the most significant sign of dehydration is rapid weight loss within a few days and even within hours. In severe case of dehydration 10 per cent of weight loss is normal. The symptoms of dehydration are difficult to understand because they are often common with many other diseases. However the general symptoms are – dry mouth, frequent thirst, fatigue, dark yellow urine, lightheadedness, decreasing amount of urine etc. Severe dehydration can lead to kidney failure and other this type of serious problems and can even increase the mortality risk.
However, the chances of dehydration rise in winter and summer seasons. Therefore, we should be careful about drinking sufficient water to avoid dehydration.