We can define GAD or Generalized anxiety disorder by unnecessary and overstated anxiety and nervousness about normal incidents of everyday life without any obvious cause. People having Generalized anxiety disorder or GAD are more likely to believe that some disaster is coming and they also tend to be anxious about various aspects of life including money, health, relation, family, office, school, children, carrier etc. These anxieties are in most of the cases impractical and they often go out of control. Daily life becomes measurable out of fear, worry and tension.
Symptoms of Generalized anxiety disorder
Although GAD is mostly a mental problem it can also show some physical symptoms. Following are the symptoms of GAD:
- Bad temper
- Expectation of Unrealistic problems
- Muscle tension
- Agitation or feeling of being nervous
- Problem while concentrating in something
- Likely to be worried easily
- Problem is falling asleep or staying asleep
- Frequent need to go to bathroom
- Panic disorder
- Getting depressed
- Getting addicted to drugs or alcohol
- Excessive compulsive disorder
- Extreme, constant worry and anxiety
Cause of Generalized anxiety disorder
Although the exact causes of GAD have not yet been known but a number of factors have been identified as the causes of GAD. Some of these factors are brain chemistry, genetic factors, environmental stresses etc.
- Brain chemistry – GAD can be caused by several neurotransmitters in the brain. These neurotransmitters are responsible for sending and receiving messages. If these neurotransmitters lose their balance the system of sending and receiving messages break down and as a result brain start to act normally.
- Genetic factors – some of the researchers believe that family history of GAD may play a vital role in developing GAD.
- Environmental factors – environmental situations like divorce, passing of loved ones, problems in relationship, excessive competition etc may develop GAD.