Diphtheria is a bacterial disease. It crops up and expands very fast and mainly attacks nose and throat. Children below 5 years and adults over 60 years old are mainly at the danger point for attack by this virus. People who are living in an unhygienic atmosphere or at a congested place and having no nutritious food are at the target point.
Diphtheria is very uncommon in U.S.A and Europe because for quite a long time there is arrangement for health checking and providing nutritious food to the children. On the contrary till now it is a common disease in developing countries.
Symptoms of diphtheria may include:
- A sore throat and hoarseness
- Painful swallowing
- Swollen glands (enlarged lymph nodes) in your neck
- A thick, gray membrane covering your throat and tonsils
- Difficulty breathing or rapid breathing
- Nasal discharge
- Fever and chills
Normally signs and symptoms of the disease start two to five days after a person affected.
In some cases, people although suffer from diphtheria due to bacterial infection appear to be a lenient case of illness. Infected people who are ignorant of their illness are likely to carry the virus of diphtheria which may reach to others without their knowledge.
Causes of Diphtheria:-
Diphtheria is originated by a pathogenic (disease causing) bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae (C. diphtheriae). This bacterium quickly becomes numerous and reaches through the upper respiratory zone. In severe cases C. diphtheriae generates poison which may go into the blood stream and affect the heart, brain and nerves.
Diphtheria is more visible in:
- Crowded, unsanitary environments.
- People who don’t have immunity against the disease (vaccination.)
- Undernourished individuals.
- Epidemic areas.
Prevention of diphtheria:-
The possible way to stop becoming affected is to remain neat & clean with shots (vaccinations).