In fact alopecia areata is an illness of the resistant system and generally it denotes as an autoimmune disorder. It places this ailment into a class which also adds in Crohn’s sickness in addition to IBD and so on. The most ordinary warning signs of alopecia areata are the hair loss on the head over and above the other portions of the body. Actually, the cause for happening this is due to beginning of resistant structure’s hit the hair follicles and discontinuing them from increasing hair or keeping up the root structure.
Symptoms of Alopecia Areata:-
The general indication of alopecia areata is hair loss. The hair normally falls out in small, round pieces about the size of a quarter. In this disease some people may waste more hair and some people may loss only a few nude pieces. However in exceptional situation, total loss of hair on the head, face and body may happen.
Frequently alopecia areata may happen in people whose family members suffer from other auto resistant illness, namely:
- Thyroid disease
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus or SLE)
- Addison’s disease
- Pernicious anaemia
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Causes of Alopecia Areata:-
The reason for Alopecia Areata is not completely realized. The disease is believed to be an auto-resistant form where the resistant system of the body (which guards the body from viruses, bacteria, allergens etc.) wrongly hits the hair follicles and demolishes them. The resultant effect is hair loss in the affected area. This irregular action of the resistant system is comprehended to be guided, inclined and prompted by numerous factors.
Although the real reason for hair follicles suffering from this type of demolition is not identified, it is believed that hereditary factor may be the cause. Family history ofAlopecia Areata or any of the other auto-resistant illness is frequently seen in many instances which advocate the role of hereditary factor.